- Hippocampal activity
in health and epilepsy
- The hippocampus in developmental epilepsy
- Translational research: studies on human TLE
- Novel microengineered probe desing
Activity patterns of hippocampal circuits
The main goal of our lab is to understand the function of the hippocampal and para-hippocampal circuits in the normal and the epileptic brain. We are interested on how complex patterns of activity are produced with a special emphasis in the cellular and synaptic rules that govern circuit dynamics. To tackle these questions we use different in vitro and in vivo preparations. We focus in different forms of activity, including several types of oscillations (ripples, fast ripples, theta and gamma) and epileptiform events.
Rhythmopathies & developmental malformations
Most of the functional and structural specificity of neuronal circuitry emerges during early development through specific genetic programs. Recent research suggests that subtle alterations of this process might lead to brain dysfunction, including epilepsy, autism and schizophrenia. We are using different genetic and pharmacological approaches to interfere with the normal brain development during different embryonic stages. We focus on models of hippocampal heterotopias and similar developmental malformations to look for the cellular and synaptic mechanisms underlying early onset dysfunction of rhythms and epilepsy.
Neurophysiological correlates of TLE-associated memory deficts
Memory deficits represent a serious neuropsychological problem in people suffering from temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). While seizures play major roles in such impairment, the interictal brain also displays severe distortion of the physiological rhythms involved in memory function. However, the impact of brain rhythmopathies in TLE-associated memory deficits remains poorly understood. We pursue for the basic mechanisms underlying distortion of hippocampal oscillations in TLE during the interictal period and their relationship with the most common memory deficits. We are using an arsenal of techniques including multi-site recordings, single-cell electrophysiology (tetrode, intracellular and juxtacellular recordings) and new behavioral paradigms for testing memory function and hippocampal oscillations.
In collaboration with:
Carmen Sandi [+]
Studies on human TLE
We aim to translate our research to clinical activities in collaboration with the Neurosurgery Unit at the Hospital de La Princesa in Madrid, and with the INSERM unit U739 at the Hôpital Pitié Salpêtrière at Paris. Our purpose is to develop tools for analyzing and interpreting the electrophysiological signals obtained during the clinical evaluation of patients suffering drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). We use in vivo and in vitro (hippocampal and cortical slices) electrophysiological approaches.
In collaboration with: Richard Miles and Gilles Huberfeld in Paris[+]
Novel electrode design
Neuroscience is a constantly growing field and new approaches are required for further advances. Some of our scientific questions require new tools to allow us for detailed fine-scale exploration of neural activity. We are interested in designing and producing new multisite probes for high-density single-cell recording and integrated functionalities, including microfluidity channels, new material coating and optical stimulation. We also design our probes using custom services of most known companies (see probe A16x1-2mm-100 in Neuronexus)
Liset M de la Prida, PhD
Paloma Aivar, PhD
In vitro recordings
Multi-electrode silicon probes, patch, sharp-waves, oscillations.Email Me
Elisa Bellistri, PhD Student
In vivo recordings & Matlab
Tetrodes, multi-electrode silicon probes, intracellular recordings.Email Me
Elena Cid, PhD
TLE models and histology
Immunostaining, histochemistry, epilepsy models, models of developmental malformations.Email Me
Beatriz Gal, PhD
Basic histology, camera lucida, cell-reconstruction, cell countingEmail Me
Daniel Gomez, PhD Student
Multi-electrode silicon probes, immunostaining, models of developmental malformations.Email Me
François Laurent, PhD
Data analysis & Matlab
Oscillations, theta and gamma activities.Email Me
David Martin, Master Student
EEG telemetry, epilepsy models, mice and rats.Email Me
Manuel Valero, PhD Student
Chronic & in vivo recordings
Tetrodes, single-cell recordings, multi-electrode silicon probes, behavioural electro.Email Me
Basic properties of somatosensory-evoked responses in the dorsal hippocampus of the rat.
J Physiol. Mar 25 (2013)Link
SU-8 based microprobes for simultaneous neural depth recording and drug delivery in the brain.
Lab Chip. 2013 Feb 14 (2013)Link
Systemic injection of kainic acid differently affects LTP magnitude depending on its epileptogenic efficiency.
PLoS ONE 7(10): e48128 (2012)Link
SU-8 based microprobes with integrated planar electrodes for enhanced neural depth recording.
Biosens Bioelectron. 37(1):1-5 (2012)Link
Different emotional disturbances in two experimental models of temporal lobe epilepsy in rats.
PLoS ONE 7(6):e38959 (2012)Link Comment
Mechanisms of physiological and epileptic HFO generation.
Prog Neurol 8, 250–264 (2012)Link
Hippocampal dependent spatial memory in the water maze is preserved in an experimental models of temporal lobe epilepsy.
PLoS ONE 6(7) e22372 (2011)Link
Glutamatergic pre-ictal discharges emerge at the transition to seizure in human epilepsy.
Nat Neu 14:627-634 (2011)Action Comment
Cellular mechanisms of high frequency oscillations in epilepsy: on the diverse sources of pathological actitivies.
Epilepsy Research 97, 308-317 (2011)Action
Loss of COUP-TFI Alters the Balance between Caudal Ganglionic Eminence- and Medial Ganglionic Eminence-Derived Cortical Interneurons and Results in Resistance to Epilepsy.
J Neuroscience 31:4650-4662 (2011)Action
Emergent dynamics of fast ripples in the epileptic hippocampus.
J Neuroscience 30:16249-16261 (2010)PDF
SU-8-based microneedles for in vitro neural applications.
J. Micromech. Microeng.20:064014-20 (2010)PDF
Synchronization clusters of interictal activity in the lateral temporal cortex of epileptic patients: intraoperative electrocorticographic analisis.
Epilepsia 49: 269-280 (2008)PDF
Reduced spike-timing reliability correlates with the emergence of fast ripples in the rat epileptic hippocampus.
Neuron 55:930-941 (2007)PDF Comment Comment
The subiculum comes of age.
Hippocampus (2006) 16: 916-923PDF
Voltage sources in mesial temporal lobe epilepsy recorded with foramen ovale electrodes.
Clin Neurophysiol (2006) 117(12):2604-14PDF
Functional features of the rat subicular microcircuits studied in vitro.
Behav Brain Res (2006) 174: 198-205PDF
Threshold behavior in the initiation of hippocampal population bursts.
Neuron (2006) 49:131-142PDF
Synaptic contributions to focal and widespread spatiotemporal dynamics in the isolated rat subiculum in vitro.
J Neuroscience (2004) 24:5525-5536PDF
Control of bursting by local inhibition in the subiculum in vitro.
J Physiol (2003) 549:219-230PDF
Electrophysiological and morphological diversity of neurons from the rat subicular complex in vitro.
Hippocampus (2003) 13 (6): 728-744PDF
Electrophysiological properties of interneurons from intraoperative spiking areas of epileptic human temporal neocortex.
Neuroreport 13 (11): 1421-1425 (2002)PDF
Excitatory and inhibitory control of epileptiform discharges in combined hippocampal/entorhinal cortical slices.
Brain Research 940:27-35 (2002)PDF
The effect of different morphological sampling criteria on the fraction of bursting cells recorded in the subiculum in vitro.
Neurosci.Lett. 322: 49-52 (2002)PDF
Heterogenous neuronal population underly synchronous bursting in the developing hippocampus through a frequency-dependent mechanism.
Neuroscience 97 (2) : 227-241 (2000)PDF
Nonlinear transfer function encodes synchronization in a neural network from the mammaliam brain.
Phys.Rev.E. 60 (3) 3239-3243 (1999)PDF
Nonlinear frequency-dependent synchronization in the developing hippocampus.
J.Neurophysiol 82, 202-208 (1999)PDF
Origin of the synchronized network activity in the rabbit developing hippocampus.
Eur.J.Neurosci. 10, 899-906 (1998)PDF
Bursting as a source for predictability in the neural networks activity.
Physica D 110, 323-331 (1997)PDF
Analytical characterization of the evolution of spontaneous activity in early hippocampal development in rabbit.
Neurosc.Lett. 218 (1996) 185-187PDF
Controlling chaos in discrete neural networks.
Physics Letters A 199 (1995), 65-69PDF
Our work is currently supported by grants from:
- The Spanish Ministry of Science and Technology (BFU2009-07989)
- The European ERANET-Neuron Program (EpiNet)
- European Commission-FP6 (STREP Contract 005139 INTERDEVO) and FP-7 (MemStick)
- Fundación Alicia Koplowitz
- Spanish Ministry of Science and Technology (BFI2003-04305, BFU2006-10584 and SAF2005-23977)
- Joint Action with the French Ministry of Education and Science (HF2006-0082)
- Comunidad de Madrid (GR/SAL/0131/2004)